Renal medicine (or nephrology) is a specialty that provides comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of kidney diseases. It also involves the care of patients who require renal replacement therapy, i.e. dialysis. Examples of kidney conditions include electrolyte and acid-base disturbances, acute and chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infections, and glomerulonephritis.
Kidneys filter waste products from the blood and remove excess water from the body in the form of urine. If your kidneys do not function properly, it can lead to short or long-term kidney conditions that may be life-threatening. Chronic kidney conditions are commonly related to hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes.
Examples of kidney conditions include:
- Diabetic kidney disease
- Hypertensive kidney disease
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Glomerulonephritis (which can present as blood and/or protein in the urine)
- Fluid and electrolyte disorders
Any of the above conditions, if left untreated for a long time, could lead to end-stage kidney disease.
Our kidney specialists will order tests to determine your kidney function, before tailoring treatment for you. These treatments can include medications or procedures to:
- Preserve or slow down the deterioration of your kidney function
- Treat any symptoms and complications related to suboptimal kidney function
- Manage end-stage kidney disease through hemodialysis